Top 5 Backend Languages For Web Development

Web development is not all about building the website but comprises testing and maintaining the website. It has been gaining traction for the last couple of years. Backend web development is an enabler for frontend web development. Backend development performs the logic and functionality of the website without giving a hint. Any user can’t see the scenes behind the website. Without having knowledge of it, you can’t jump into the backend development as it is somewhere difficult to learn. With technology, developers are using the latest backend languages for performing backend development. 

In this article, you will learn the basic/fundamental languages of backend development. So, let’s get started!

Top 5 Backend Development Languages

There are various types of backend languages used by the developers. It is difficult to choose the right platform for yourself. In the latter section, I will tell you about the different backend languages. So, let’s discuss each. 


With backend development, JavaScript is always on the front foot. Every developer must use this language for their potential projects. According to the reports of stack overflow, Javascript is the most popular programming language in the digital era. The reason behind its popularity is that we use it for both frontend and backend web development. Another reason for its success is that the immense use of Node.js. Javascript has some additional tools and features as it provides you with the lightweight scripting language, Dynamic typing, Interpreted, OOP support, and many more. 

Approximately, there are 1.6 billion websites on the internet and JavaScript is using in 95% of them. If you choose this backend language for your project, it offers you extraordinary tools and features to develop your website. 

Following are some Javascript frameworks for backend web development.

  • MeteroJS
  • Next.js
  • Express

Facebook, eBay, Google are some platforms based on Javascript.


Python is quite popular among developers as it provides you with the latest technologies— Internet of things(IoT), Machine Learning Projects/Deep Learning Projects, Big Data, etc. This refined language is used and is also suitable for backend development. Google relies on the three major languages— Python, Java, C++. You can examine the importance of Python in our lives from Google. The best thing about Python is it has different libraries that make development easier for backend Python developers. There is also some extraordinary features python provides — increase the readability of the code, Graphical User Interface(GUI), easy integration, portability, and many others.

Following are some frameworks in python.

  • Django
  • Flask
  • Pyramid

Spotify, Pinterest, and Instacart are some websites based on Python.


PHP is an old Stager in the web development world. It was invented in 1994 and is specifically used for web development projects. PHP does not require any compiler and easily runs on every Operating System— Linux, Windows, Unix, macOS, etc. While discussing the refined benefits of PHP, we ensure easy learning, OOP support, Support of SQL and SQL lite, community support, and many more. It provides complete safety of data as it is a server-side scripting language. I suggest you choose PHP if you are a beginner in backend web development

Following are some frameworks in PHP.

  • Laravel
  • CodeIgniter 
  • Symfony

WordPress, MailChimp, and Flickr are some of the famous websites based on PHP.


Developers are extensively using Java for backend development. It is a programming language that helps to make web applications, desktop applications, web development, mobile applications, scientific applications, and many more. Java offers the facility of “Write once run anywhere.” We can use the code of Java anywhere without recompilation. It is a great way to reduce development time and effort. First, we compile Java code into bytecode and then run it on JVM. We also use Java for multi-threading which enhances CPU utilization.  

Some other features of Java include OOP concepts, platform-independent, huge source libraries, garbage collection, and portability. 

Following are some frameworks of Java.

  • Spring 
  • Struts
  • Grails

LinkedIn, Yahoo, and IRCTC are some of the popular websites based on Java. 


Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that is used for functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming. Developers use Ruby across the world and recommend it for beginners of backend web development. The reason for its popularity is easy to learn for developers. We use Ruby for the high productivity of the developers as Python. Ruby runs on every operating system— Linux, Unix, macOS, etc. Ruby has the features of Dynamic typing, duck typing, automatic garbage collection, a wide range of libraries, flexibility, and portability. 

Following are some frameworks in Ruby.

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Sinatra
  • Grape

Shopify, Airbnb, and SlideShare are some of the popular websites based on Ruby. 


To become a backend developer, choose the best backend web development services language. Backend development is very important for the dynamic growth of your website. If you are keen to become a web developer, you must learn the basics/fundamentals of programming. You can’t jump directly into the frameworks of backend development. Learn step by step and you will surely gain experience in it. 

I hope you have understood the top backend web development languages. If you are looking for a backend web development institute, you must search different websites over the internet.

Murtaza Ali

Murtaza Ali is a tech enthusiast and freelance writer with a passion for all things digital. With 5 years of experience in the tech industry, He has a deep understanding of the latest trends, innovations, and best practices. He loves sharing his knowledge and insights with others, and has written extensively on topics such as [Ai, cybersecurity, cloud computing, programming languages, etc. When he's not writing or tinkering with gadgets, he can be found exploring the great outdoors, practicing cricket, or experimenting with new recipes in the kitchen. He believes in the power of technology to improve people's lives and is excited to be part of an industry that is constantly pushing boundaries and breaking new ground.
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