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Types of Market Participants in Forex Market

The 4 trillion dollar forex industry has a large number of market participants. However, every one of these volunteers has a unique motivation. Understanding these motivations is important to forecast their market behavior. Furthermore, some of these participants have large pockets, more information, and are more active than others.

Forex dealers

Forex brokers are among the most active participants in the forex market. They are also referred to as broker-dealers. The majority of forex dealers in the world are banks. Therefore, the market in which dealers engage with one another is sometimes referred to as the interbank market. However, certain well-known non-bank financial companies trade in foreign exchange as well.

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Brokers are few in the forex market. This is because a person does not always need to deal with brokers. They can call the dealer and secure a favorable rate if they have the appropriate knowledge. There are, however, brokers in the forex market. These brokers exist to provide value to their consumers by assisting them in obtaining the best quote.

For example, they may help their clients in obtaining the lowest purchase price or the highest selling price by making estimates from many dealers available.


In the normal study of business, many businesses wind up creating an asset or a liability denominated in foreign currency. Importers and exporters involved in foreign trade, for example, may have open positions in many foreign currencies. Therefore, it may impact them if the value of foreign money fluctuates. As a result, hedgers take opposite positions in the market to protect themselves against their losses.


Speculators are traders who don’t have a legitimate need for foreign currency. They buy and sell these currencies with the expectation of profiting from them. When market sentiment is high, and everyone appears to be making money in the forex markets, the number of speculators skyrockets. Speculators rarely hold positions in any currency for an extended period. Their holdings are brief and are only intended to generate a short-term profit.

Central banks

To some extent, central banks participate in the forex market. This participation is usually approved even though central banks covertly operate in the market. Each central bank has a goal range for how much their currency should move.

Suppose the currency slips outside of the set range. In that case, central banks use open market operations to bring it back in. furthermore, if a certain nation’s currency is under speculative attack, central banks act heavily in the market to defend its currency.


Any forex trading student knows the many types of participants they are likely to encounter when trading in this market. This article discusses a few of the most important types of market participants.

Participants are listed in descending order. This indicates that the most active traders in the forex markets are dealers, followed by brokers, etc. It’s also reasonable to assume that dealers have the most market knowledge, followed by brokers, and so on.

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