What To Do If a Patient Has Hypotension?
Each time your heart pumps blood to the arteries, the blood gets pushed against the artery’s walls with a certain force known as blood pressure. The usual range of blood pressure is 120/80 mm/Hg. The upper figure is known as systolic, and the lower figure is known as diastolic. When the blood pressure drops below this normal stated range, it is known as low blood pressure or hypotension. Doctors usually consider a pressure below 90/60 mm/Hg as low blood pressure.
As such, hypotension is not a matter of concern and is often good in some cases. But sometimes, it may make you feel dizzy or may lead to fatigue. In such a case, your low blood pressure could result from some underlying health condition and needs to be addressed immediately.
Types Of Hypertension
Hypotension or low blood pressure can be of the following types:
Orthostatic Hypotension– Also known as postural hypotension, orthostatic hypotension occurs when you stand up suddenly from a sitting or lying down position.
Postprandial Hypotension– This situation occurs after a meal which leads to a sudden lowering of blood pressure.
Neurally Mediated Hypotension– People with this type of hypotension often feel dizzy or lightheaded just after exercising or remaining in a long-standing position.
Severe Hypotension– This hypotension is linked to shock. It is one of the most chronic forms of hypotension. In the condition of shock, your blood pressure drops severely, and also your brain can’t get enough blood to work correctly, which can lead to a stroke which can be life-threatening.
Low blood pressure is not a serious problem on its own. However, Among all the above low blood pressure types, orthostatic hypotension is quite common in pregnant women and old age people. In addition, postprandial hypotension is also common among older people.
Symptoms Of Hypertension
When the blood pressure of a person reaches below 90/60 mm/Hg, they may experience the following symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty in breathing
- Cold skin
- Numbness in feet and hands
- Mental confusion
Causes Of Hypotension
Hypotension is generally the result of some underlying health condition that needs to be addressed immediately to prevent any complications. Following health conditions can make you more susceptible to low blood pressure:
- Extreme blood loss due to injury
- Heart disease
- Anaphylactic shock
- Blood infection
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Thyroid disorder
- Certain prescribed medication like medicines used to treat Parkinson’s disease and depression
- Extreme body temperature changes
- Medicines like Beta-blockers and nitroglycerin which are used to treat heart disease
Apart from the above causes, pills like vidalista 60 used to treat erection issues in men can also worsen the hypotension symptoms. Vidalista 60 is used to treat the inability of a man to get erections. Vidalista 60 improves the blood supply to the penis and helps in achieving an erection. Vidalista 60 is a PDE5 inhibitor that works by relaxing the muscles of the arteries, which then leads to sudden lowering of blood pressure.
Although hypotension can affect anyone, the following people are more prone to low blood pressure:
- Having a family history of the condition
- Pregnant women
- Taking medicines that can lead to low blood pressure like vidalista 60 for improving erections
- Having a heart disease
- Having hormonal imbalances
- Having vitamin deficiency
- Having liver problems
- Bedridden people are also more likely to get hypotension
Treatment Of Hypertension
Treatment of low blood pressure is based on the underlying cause. To treat hypotension doctors generally focus on treating the cause behind the condition. For treating low blood pressure, doctors may suggest lifestyle changes or medications.
The doctor may prescribe the following dietary changes to reduce the symptoms of hypotension:
- Keep yourself hydrated. Drink more water. Heavy intake of fluid boosts up your blood volume, which helps prevent dehydration which aids in treating hypotension.
- Limiting alcohol intake. Excess alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration which can result in low blood pressure.
- Take a diet rich in sodium. Though excess salt may lead to an increase in blood pressure, taking excess salt may help people with hypotension manage their blood pressure.
- Limit carbohydrate intake. Instead of taking one large overloaded meal, eat less and divide your meal into smaller meals throughout the day.
You can make the following lifestyle changes to manage your hypotension:
- You can wear compression stockings to reduce the pain and swelling of veins of your legs which then boost the blood in your legs and ease hypotension symptoms.
- Exercise regularly for about 30 to 60 minutes daily, at least 5 days a week to improve your heart health and blood circulation.
- Get up slowly from sitting or lying down positions
- Avoid prolonged standing at a place.
- Don’t jump out of bed suddenly. Wait for a few seconds, take deep breaths before leaving the bed.
- Avoid lifting heavy objects.
- At night while sleeping, elevate your head by placing pillows below your neck.
When dietary and lifestyle changes don’t work for you then your doctor may prescribe the following medicines to treat your hypotension:
Fludrocortisone– This medicine increases blood volume, thereby aiding in improving blood pressure.
Midodrine– This pill initiates the activation of the receptors on tiny arteries and veins, which leads to increased blood pressure.
Also,if you are taking medicines to treat erection issues like vidalista 60, ask your doctor for a change of medication. As vidalista 60 can lead to lowering of blood pressure further making the situation worse. Vidalista 60 contains sildenafil citrate and helps attain an erection by relaxing the smooth muscles of the penis, which then increases the blood supply to the penis, thus causing an erection. Hence vidalista 60 or any other pill should be taken cautiously if you have low blood pressure.